Pro-Life Aborton Essays

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Abortion is an issue which separates the American public, especially when it involves the death of children and women. When an abortion occurs, the medical doctor removes the fetus from the pregnant woman. This particular act has separated the public. Many believe that abortion is not morally and ethically correct. On the other hand, some people believe that carrying and delivering the unborn child will hinder the safety of the mother, then an abortion is needed. Each view has its own merit in the debate. This debate has separated the public into two sections: pro-life and pro-choice. A pro-lifer opposes abortion, whereas, a pro-choicer believes that the decision to abort the child should be left to the mother because she is the one…show more content…

On the other hand, medical doctors propose that having an abortion will save the life of the mother. Doctors argue that abortion is needed if there are andy life threatening complications. On the contrary, Illinois Representative Joe Walsh, states that, "Advances in science and technology," had eliminated any need for abortions to save the lives or health of women and said, "'Health of the mother' has become a tool for abortions anytime, for any reason.” Comments like this only categorize women. No two amen are the same and each woman experiences different complication during the birthing process. Unfortunately, the Representative was against abortion and may have not been fully aware of other women who have complications during pregnancy. The story of a young couple took a dangerous twist, Kristin Marlowe was 20 years old and seven months pregnant. Marlowe was being treated for a placental tear, when she died of a stroke. Her baby was delivered by emergency C-section and survived (Munz, 2013). According to Dr. George Saade, Director of Maternal-fetal medicine at University of Texas Medical Branch, that each year in the U.S., about 700 women die of pregnancy-related complications and 52,000 experience emergencies such as acute renal failure, shock, respiratory distress, aneurysms and heart surgery. An additional 34,000 barely avoid death (Munz, 2013). The numbers are alarming. In this story, a pro life advocate

Josly Villar

ESL 101

David shnaiderman

July 17 2000

Pro-life side of abortion

Abortion is defined as the induced termination of pregnancy and expulsion of an

embryo or fetus that is incapable of survival. Abortion can be either a

spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), or a medically induced termination of

pregnancy. The sides of abortion are the pro-life, which is the side against

abortion, and pro-choice, which is the side that supports it. This issue should

be illegal except in cases of rape and danger to the mother, cause the unborn

person should have the rights to live and to have the same opportunities as

anybody else, even though if it doesn t have the love from the mother, it should

be give up for adoption. There should be more education on how to prevent it

from happening from school support groups and from the department of education

as Robert francoeur says in his book tanking sides. The pro-life side argues

that a fetus is a person and should have the right to live. But what does all

this visualization of the fetus tell us about the issue of fetal person hood? If

the fetus looks human, is it necessarily human? Ethics and philosopher Joseph

Fletcher warns that the powerful visual images of the fetus in the uterus seduce

many into a proleptic fallacy; that is, in their anticipation of the future

birth, they describe the fetus as a person and attribute person hood to it as if

it had already been born .

To understand why abortion should be illegal there has to be an overview to the

ethical question of abortion, and the value of a human life. Also the different

aspects and opinions on these issues, those aspects are: It s history, What does

the bible have to say in this issue, the doctor s point of view and should he

know when does a life becomes a human life, a woman s point of view and the

different types of laws that regard this issue.

Even though abortions are legal, there are some laws to regulate it. Bell and

Howell information and learning Critical Issue Essay: Teen Pregnancy says that:

Until the 12th week of pregnancy, medically induced abortion is a matter

between a girl her physician. After the 12th week, some states have laws that

may regulate abortion according to the teenager's health. After the 24th week of

pregnancy, many states have laws, which regulate and even prohibit abortion

except in cases.

There have been a lot of opinions regarding the sides of abortion and at what

part of reproduction does a fetus is considered a biological live. An

overwhelming majority of the experts answered emphatically that biological life

begins at conception or implantation. Pro-abortionist failed to produce even a

single expert witness who would testify that life begins at some point other

than conception or implantation. Some pro-abortionist did present an interesting

alternative point of view, which has become popular over the past several

decades. This alternative viewpoint basically sees all life as a continuum with

no specific beginning. It considers the continuum to run from sperm and egg, to

single-cell zygote, to multi-cell blastocyst, to embryo, to fetus, to newborn,

etc. this view is attractive because it supports the right of each mother and

doctor to individually choose when in the continuum the fetus becomes a person.

Unfortunately, this new approach fails to reckon with the obvious scientific

fact that there is a definite starting point in human biological life. At

conception the sperm and eggs, each of which contains only part of the genetic

material required to form a person, merge to form a new unique biological

entity. Unlike the sperm or egg, the diploid zygote possesses a unique human

genotype and the power of full differentiation, without which no human life can

be expresses. The haploid sperm and egg are only parts of the potential for

human life. The zygote is biological human life. As Bell and howell says in

their essay: Teen Pregnancy. Bioethics refers to the application of moral

reasoning to issues raised by medical treatments, technologies, and the life

sciences. Bioethical decisions are quite simply life choices -choices regarding

the meaning of life, its beginning, the quality of its continuation, and its

end. Bioethical issues include the allocation of health care resources,

life-prolonging treatments, organ transplantation, euthanasia,

physician-assisted suicide, abortion, new reproductive technologies, and recent

advances in genetics diagnosis and therapy. Such issues often prove

controversial and divisive. Occasionally, bioethical questions leave us puzzled

and confused: new medical treatments and technologies often do not come with

sufficient precedents to guide our moral reasoning . where the life of the girl

is in danger. Illegal abortions, although rare in the US, are common worldwide;

they carry a high risk of complications, including perforation of the uterus,

and severe bleeding. Infertility or death often results .

statistics show on Britannica s All sides to the issue that most induced

abortions are performed sometime during the first two months of pregnancy when

the fetus is one inch or less long. Over 90% of abortions are performed during

the first trimester (the first three months); they total about 1.2 million/year

in the US. About 140,000 second trimester abortions are performed yearly; they

represent 9% of the total. One common reason for abortions at the latter stage

of pregnancy is that an amniocenteses procedure has detected that the fetus has

a serious genetic defect. With currently approved technology, these procedures

can only be done later in pregnancy. (An experimental non-invasive blood test is

currently being evaluated in the U.S.) Another common reason is that the woman

is young and in denial about her pregnancy, and does not seek an abortion until

she can hide it no longer.

In the ancient cultures there are a few recorded legal prohibitions against

abortion in antiquity; there are even fewer ancient laws protecting the

practice. Abortion may not have been a prevalent issue in ancient times. Killing

the baby outside the womb after delivery, however, was a prominent subject of

debate much like abortion is today, for most of the same reasons.

Hippocrates, the father of the modern medicine and sopranos the greatest of the

ancient gynecologist, both opposed abortion, though whether this was for

protection of the mother or fetus is not clear. The Hippocratic oath, formulated

around 400 BC and taken verbatim by U.S. physicians until recently, clearly

prohibits abortion; however, it has been contested on almost all points since

the day it was written.

The Bible never mentions the word abortion , as a result some people wold say

that this practice is not prohibit, but the Bible appears to be silent on the

topic of abortion. There are some quotes of some anti-abortion authors on the

opinion of the Bible in this issue: John T. Noonan said: the Old Testament has

nothing to say on abortion. And John Connery said: if anyone expects to find

an explicit condemnation of abortion in the New Testament, he will be

disappointed. The silence of the New Testament regarding abortion surpasses even

that of the Old Testament .

Spontaneous abortions, or miscarriages, occur for many reasons, including

disease, trauma, or genetic or biochemical incompatibility of mother and fetus.

Occasionally a fetus dies in the uterus but fails to be expelled, a condition

termed a missed abortion.

Illegal abortions, although rare in the US, are common worldwide; they carry a

high risk of complications, including perforation of the uterus, and severe

bleeding. Infertility or death often results.

The woman point of view is very important, since she is the one going through

the thought process of deciding if the child should live or not, as Caroline

Garage says in her home page: that basic fact is simple: life begins not at

birth, but at conception. The beginning of human life is not religious, moral or

philosophical issue: it is a scientific and biological one. From the time those

23 cromozones become 46 onward, the unborn is a living, developing individual

with a unique genetic makeup . Some woman feel that the medical community

should emphasize on finding safe and effective birth control that would

eliminate the need for abortion. That would be the easiest solution, because the

debate will still rage on, and some abortions will still occur. But before

effective birth control is found, before society changes its attitude toward

pregnancy, and makes it more acceptable for woman or young girls to be pregnant.

The law opinion of the subject is based on the English law. Henry Bracton, the

father of the common la , apparently regarded abortion (at least after 5 or 6

weeks) as homicide and it seems that at early common law abortion was a felony,

and, therefore, a hanging offense. Later commentators, Coke and Blackstone, held

expressly that abortion after quickening was not the crime of murder, but a

separate crime.

The American law, before general codification of law became commonplace in the

19th century; criminal law was based on the common law inherited from England.

Therefore, states followed the law, as it existed in England. Exactly what this

was could vary depending on when the state is said to have received the common

law.

There have been some judicial cases involving abortion the most popular one was

the case of Roe v. Wade. Even though the court legalizes abortion in all 50

states after this case I m opposed to the legalization of it, To summarize this

case, (Roe v. Wade: First step or misstep)

A pregnant single woman brought a class action challenging the constitutionality

of the Texas criminal abortion laws, which proscribed procuring or attempting an

abortion except on medical advice for the purpose of the saving the mother s

life. The plaintiff s assertion was that prohibiting abortion at any time before

birth violated a woman s constitutional right to privacy. In deciding the case

the court attempted to avoid the issue of when life begins. Justice Blackmum,

writing for the majority, asserted, we need not to resolve the difficult

question of when life begins this judiciary is not in a position to speculate as

to the answer. The court then ruled the constitutional right of privacy was

broad enough to encompass a woman s decision whether or not to terminate her

pregnancy. In other words, abortion should be a private matter between a woman

and her doctor. However, the court also ruled that the privacy right

involved cannot be said to be absolute. In particular, a state may properly

assert important interest in safeguarding health in maintaining medical

standards, and in protecting potential life (abortion perspective).

This ruling has several significant flaws, because the court ruled that the

constitutional to privacy protected abortion in part because it was not possible

to reach agreement on when life begins, asserting that a woman should be allowed

to make her own choice in this matter at least up to a certain point. But in

defining that certain point the court introduced the viability s the beginning

of meaningful life. This is illogical, causes on the one hand on the idea that

life is beginning is indeterminate and on the other hand on a definition of when

meaningful life begins. Also, it raises the obvious question of the validity of

the court s definition of meaningful life and their determination of its

starting point. With regard to the former, nowhere in the ruling does the court

ignored modern scientific evidence concerning the beginning of biological life.

In conclusion, there has been a lot of opinions on this side of abortion, that

have been stated in this paper, those where, the laws from the Bible, the

Ancient history and the medical viewpoint. Some of these opinions may have been

on the other side of abortion, but that still doesn t gives the right to nobody

to play the role of god and decide who is going to live and who is not.

Pro-life gives a change to the unborn without evens knowing what kind this child

accomplish during his live. Since the fetus is not capable of speaking his mind

this side tries to defend him and stand up for him in does life changing moments

when a mother decides to have an abortion or (the best alternative)not having

it.

Pro-life groups are very active at the state level and have successfully

influenced legislators and governors into creating many laws that restrict

abortion. Many of the laws have been ineffectual; they are so broadly worded

that they are usually declared unconstitutional shortly after having been signed

into law. Those laws that survive are not particularly effective; they often

merely deflect abortion seekers to nearby states. At this time, compromise

between pro-life and pro-choice supporters appears to be impossible.

Scientific research has successfully shown that abortion causes many

psychological side effects. It leaves the woman with many strong feelings about

their decision. They feel sadness, wishing things could have been different and

grief for a lost life. Guilt arises because they know a fetus represents an

independent life. Anger builds up towards other people having to do with their

decision. Sometimes the mother may feel that she has in fact been abandoned.

Most of the entire mothers feel ashamed and embarrassed about her action. People

close to the mother may be angry with her for ending her pregnancy and make it

difficult for her to deal with. Even years after the abortion, women tent to

remember the regretful experience.

Word cited page

Abortion perspective Bible. What the Bible has to say about abortion? July 14

2000. http://potterschool.com/abortion/law.html.

Abortion perspective law. Roe v. wade: first step or misstep July 12 2000.

http://potterschool.com/abortion/law.html.

Abortion perspective medicine. Shouldn t a doctor know when life begins? July

12 2000. http://potterschool.com/abortion/law.html.

Abortion perspective history. Interpreting the past July 13 2000.

http://potterschool.com/abortion/law.html.

Bell and Howell information and learning Critical Issue Essay: Teen Pregnancy

July

14 2000.

http://www.bellhowell.infolearning.com/hp/Support/K12/Critical9899/teen.html.

Britannica online encyclopedia. Abortion, euthanasia, and the value of human

life

July15 2000.

http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/0/0,5716,108570+12,00.html.

Britannica online encyclopedia. All sides to the issue July 15 2000.

http://search.britannica.com/frm_redir.jsp?query=abortion+sides&redir=http://www.religioustolerance.org/abo_pba.htm

Howell, Joseph H and Sale, William Frederick. Life choices. Washington, D.C.:

George

Town university, 1995.

Riddle, John M. Eve s Herbs. Massachusetts: Harvard university press, 1997.

Francoeur, Robert t. Taking sides. Dushkin publishing group, 1996.

Risen, James & Thomas, Judy L. Wrath of Angels the American Abortion War. Basic

Books, 1998.

Weir, Robert F. Physician assisted suicide. Indiana: Indiana university press,

1997.

State abortion laws. State abortion laws

http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/abrtrbng/abortl.htm.

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