Essay On Changing Personality Features

+ All Personality Essays:

  • Personality Study: Trotsky
  • Psychopathy and Anti-Social Personality Disorder (ASPD)
  • Analyzing My Personality
  • Personality Does Not Matter to Marketing Practitioners: a Debate
  • Critical Review of the Moral, Cognitive, Social and Personality Developmental Stages of Michael Oher in the Movie "Blindside". Use the Kohlberg, Piaget and Erikson's Developmental Theories Tosupport Review
  • The Impact of Extroverted Personality on the Work Environment
  • Individual Psychology in the Real World
  • The Personality of Sherlock Holmes
  • Psychopathy: Personality Disorder
  • Organizational Behavior: Personality Trait of Extraversion and Sales
  • Categorizing Personality Types
  • Personal Narrative: Self Personality Assessment
  • Self Analysis and Personality Diagnostic Tests
  • Summary of Chapter 15: Personality and Social Interaction, from Personality Psychology: Domains of Knowledge About Human Nature
  • Relationship and Attraction: The Attraction-Similarity Model
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder in the Film The Talented Mr. Ripley
  • Own Theory of Personality
  • Relationship between Personality, Behavior, and Performance
  • A Case Summary for Personality Psychology
  • Effect of Heredity and Environment on the Development of Personality
  • Psy/250 Week 2 Psychoanalytical Personality Assessment
  • Personality in John Updike's A&P
  • Dispositional Vs Biological Theory
  • Prospero's Complex Personality Exhibited in Shakespeare's Play The Tempest
  • Applied Personality Theories
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Does Childhood Personality Affect Longevity
  • Heathcliff's Personality in Wuthering Heights
  • Reliability and Validity in Personality Testing
  • Multiple Personality Disorder (Dissociative Identity Disorder)
  • Eating and Personality Disorders
  • Gender Differences in Antisocial Personality Disorder: An Explanation of Theories of Unequal
  • Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD):
  • Multiple Personality Disorder
  • Freud's Theories on Personality Development
  • The Effects of Birth Order on the Personality of an Individual
  • Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment
  • Assessment of Gordon Gekko's Personality Using a Mbti Framework and Personality Type Theory
  • Psychology Study of Personality
  • The Relationship Between Personality Types, Test Anxiety and Self-Esteem with Regards to Academic Achievement
  • Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Career Development Essay
  • Differing Opinions in 2 Articles on Tragic Death of Australian Television Personality, Charlotte Dawson
  • The Personality Traits of a Good Leader
  • Case Study: Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Personality Psychology
  • Personality and the Five Factor Theory
  • Culture and Personality Development
  • Types of Personality Tests
  • Language = Personality?
  • Comparing the Personalities of the Writers, Dante and Chaucer
  • Taking a Look at Personality Disorders
  • Hilary Clinton's Lifespan and Personality
  • The Personality of Scrooge
  • The "Big Five" Personality Traits
  • Crew Personalities on the Mission to Mars
  • Criseyde's Personality in her Thought Life and Reality
  • Personality: Carl Jung and Myra
  • CCMH506 R2 Personality In Counseling Worksheet WK1
  • Personality Assessment Instrument Critique
  • Analysis of the Spectrum of Depression
  • birth order and its efects on personality
  • Life Span Development and Personality Essay Questions
  • Case Study Analysis of Ted Bundy
  • Understanding Brands as Personalities
  • The Five Factor Model Of Personality
  • Dual Personalities in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Stevenson
  • NEO Personality Inventory Review
  • All Our Personalities Is Unique
  • A Compilation of Essays on People and Their Personalities
  • Multiple Personality Disorder
  • Cognitive Therapy for Personality Disorders
  • Sigumand Freud And Nietzsche: Personalities And The Mind
  • Taking a Look at Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Teachers’ Personality Traits: Its Impact to the Academic Performance of the Grade Vi – Pupils of University of Rizal System Tanay Main Campus
  • Estp Personality Type
  • The Balance of Dorian Gray’s Structure of Personality in Oscar Wilde’s Novel the Picture of Dorian Gray: a Study of Psychoanalysis
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder

It’s rare that scientific journals explicitly engage philosophical conundrums, but a paper in this week’s Science magazine begins with the question: “Why do people so often make decisions that their future selves regret?” At age 18, that skull-and-crossbones tattoo seems like an unimpeachably cool idea; at 28, it’s mortifying. You meet the man of your dreams at 25 — except that your dreams have become so different by 35 that you end up divorced.

“Even at 68, people think, Ugh, I’m not the person I was at 58, but I’m sure I’ll be this way at 78,” says one of the Science studyauthors,Daniel Gilbert, a professor of psychology at Harvard University and author of the book Stumbling on Happiness.

An obvious answer to the question is that people mature — that “change is inevitable,” as British politician Benjamin Disraeli said, that “change is constant.” But after examining the responses of more than 19,000 people gathered over four months in 2011 and 2012, the researchers— Gilbert, Jordi Quoidbach, of the National Fund for Scientific Research in Belgium, and University of Virginia psychologist Timothy Wilson — discovered that even though most people acknowledge that their lives have changed over the past decade, they don’t believe change is constant. Against all evidence, most people seem to believe that who they are now is pretty much who they will be forever.

(MORE:How Overconfidence and Paranoia Become Self-Fulfilling Prophecies)

For example, the average 33-year-old surveyed expected less change over the next decade than the average 43-year-old reported actually had occurred over the past decade. As the paper says, “People, it seems, regard the present as a watershed moment at which they have finally become the person[s] they will be for the rest of their lives.” Although personality and values do tend to become more stable with age, people generally underestimate the extent of future personality shifts. The researchers call this phenomenon “the end of history illusion.”

Proving an illusion is a giant epistemological problem, which is one reason the authors recruited so many participants for their study — although many of the thousands were recruited from a website sponsored by a French reality show, Leurs Secrets du Bonheur (The Secrets of Happiness). Analyzing the answers that the volunteers provided to questions about their favorite music, food, hobbies, as well as about choices concerning friends and vacations, Quoidbach, Gilbert, and Wilson compared people at different stages of life and came to a couple of conclusions:

1. The older you get, the less you believe you have changed or will change. This finding isn’t surprising: for years, researchers have confirmed the common-sense idea that one’s personality and preferences become more stable with age. At 80, your grandfather will likely disparage whichever political party he opposes with more ferocity than he did at 65. As the Science research explains, even young people feel their current qualities are good qualities. They find it hard to imagine their beliefs and values could significantly change — even though most of us actually change our views often as time progresses.

2. In a similar vein, people have a tendency to recognize that their personalities and preferences have changed in the past but misunderstand that personalities and preferences often change in the future. As part of the research, the researchers compared how self-reported personality traits had changed among 3,808 adults recruited not by that French TV show but by the MacArthur Foundation. The participants had completed a personality survey (as part of a larger study called MIDUS, or Midlife Development in the United States) in the mid-1990s and then again in the mid-2000s. Among other things, MIDUS measures what are called the Big Five personality traits: conscientiousness, agreeableness, emotional stability (sometimes called neuroticism), openness to experience and extroversion. (You can test your Big Five here.)

The MIDUS surveys are widely accepted for their reliability, so the scientists assumed that any difference between scores in the mid-1990s and those in the mid-2000s accurately captured changes in how much people are conscientious, agreeable, stable, open and extroverted today vs. 10 years ago. The researchers then asked the participants to estimate how much their MIDUS measures would have changed from 10 years ago and how much they will change in 10 years. Most people were pretty good at estimating the difference in average MIDUS scores over the past decade, but they dramatically underestimated how much MIDUS scores change for most people in the future. In short, people may commit errors of prediction more often than they succumb to errors of memory.

(MORE:Borderline Personality Disorder: NFL Wide Receivers Talks Diagnosis and Recovery)

As further insurance that the effect they were tracking was real, the researchers conducted another study with a smaller group of volunteers. In the original experiment, the researchers assigned the participants to either make predictions of how much they would change in the future or how much they had changed in the past — but not both — so the scientists couldn’t be sure that different people were interpreting the personality criteria in the same way. They focused on 613 adults who provided answers about both future change and past change, and the discrepancy between predictive and past change remained. Most of them predicted that they would change less over the next decade than the majority of people who reported they had actually changed. Their predictions fell short, however. In other words, people who thought they “loved” and would always prefer Rice Chex to Corn Chex became less adamant by their 50s. By their late 60s, they seemed not to care so much, which may owe partly to declining mental acuity, but may also reflect a real change in the strength and intensity of personality and preferences.

The paper shows other data: older people are less willing to pay for the same concerts and meals than younger people anticipate they would, and they are less likely to remember the name of their best friend. But that could be because older people are simply bored by familiar pleasures and have worse memories.

Whether people change — can change, do change, actually change — is surely one of the most important questions in psychobiology. The Science paper advances our understanding of the answer incrementally: we understand that we have changed, but we are uncomfortable with the idea that we will change any further. The need to change implies another question: Do we need to correct a flaw? It’s not likely that any amount of science can answer that question.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *