Essay Architecture Technology

Archİtecture & Technology Essay

ARCHİTECTURE & TECHNOLOGY
Have you ever thought about the relationship between technology and architecture? Architecture is a process and designing like buildings and other physical structures. Architecture is the most comprehensive profession in the world. Architect can make a lot of structure. For example; religious buildings , palaces, stadium, coliseum even landscape. Architectural structures should have three features. First feature, structures should be useful for all people. Another thing, structures should transfer different thinking. The most important feature, structures should stand robust. Nowadays, All the world is living transformation like industrial revolution with technology. Architecture is affecting by technological, economic, political, social and cultural changes. Technology is affecting deeply daily life. Technology revolution started with computer and microelectronics. After, transfer of the design to the computer. Architecture won new dimension. In addition, Architectural trends grew with electronics and computer technology .In order to shape the future of architecture, Technology is an active element. Dreams came actual with technological transporter system, material, hardware and installation in architectural. Architectural is affecting from technology because of three main results; ecology, construction materials and computer.
One of the effects of the technology architectural is ecology. 20 In the last quarter century, Consumption rate and contaminated energy source increased. In the 1970s, sustainable, green and ecological architecture emerged. Some words became part of the architecture. For example: energy-saving, accumulation of waste, recycling, sustainability , solar architecture, natural materials and economic costs. Thus, smart homes gained importance in all the word. There are a lot of advantages for environment in smart homes. First of all, energy conservation was achieved in heating and cooling. Ambient temperature is setting automatically with technological systems. Another advantages, designers used renewable resources in smart homes. Smart homes produced own energy. The most important advantage is security, ventilation, climate (HVAC) and lighting with new technological systems. According to the latest statictis of WLO, only twenty-one fire occured last twelve
TOK-2
years smart homes in turkey. Each people can see all these and more in Conde Nast.48-storey office building designed by Fox & Fowle architects.

Low-E glasses was used in structure. Thus, heat gain was achieved with the correct thermal bridges. In addition, alternative sources of energy were used such as fuel batteries, solar batteries and natural gas. Consequently, CFC and HCFC gasses did not harm the ozone layer. Non-toxic materials are used in structure. On the other...

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Things never move in a straight line, Barbara Hahn’s article on the history of technology in the current issue of Perspectives on History reminds us. I was reminded of this again listening to a recent Morning Edition story on NASA mission designer Robert Farquhar’s appropriation of the International Sun-Earth Explorer spacecraft. NASA launched the satellite in 1978 to collect data on the sun, but Farquhar came up with a way to repurpose it to chase the Giacobini-Zinner comet in 1985. While scientists who were using the spacecraft claimed he stole it, Farquhar, who arranged for the satellite to return to its original orbit when the comet returned to our solar system, says he merely borrowed it—for 31 years.

As Hahn remarks in her article, much of the history of technology is concerned with repurposing of one kind or another. Design and innovation does not stop when a technology is built, deployed, or placed on the market, yet we tend to think of technological progress as orderly, clear, and almost self-directing. “When apps download on their own, or when cellphones appear to inspire texting over talking, it certainly feels as if technology changes and humans simply adapt,” Hahn writes. The history of technology works against this common perception, and one of the ways it does this is to investigate how people have borrowed technology for purposes not set out by the original designer. Another way is to investigate solutions that were fantastical, failing, or whimsical—like the spacecraft on the cover of this month’s issue.

The Farquhar story also demonstrates the strength of the human desire to invest technology objects with human qualities. Farquhar felt a supernatural connection to his satellite, especially when it suffered a malfunction at about the same time he fell ill. And Hahn, hearing about this, reminded me of the Twitter feed of a dying lunar rover, an attempt by the Chinese government to create mass sympathy for its malfunctioning hardware.

I hope Barbara Hahn’s article will be read together with Swati Chattopadhyay’s essay on architectural history in the January issue, as both address, from different perspectives, the need for placing social worlds in conversation with human creations like buildings, landscapes, and technologies. Chattopadhyay, for example, elegantly illustrated the repurposing and appropriation of a structure, and the space surrounding it, with a photo of typists using the windowsills of a building as desks.

Read “The Social in the Machine: How Historians of Technology Look beyond the Object” and “Architectural History and Spatial Imagination” in Perspectives on History.

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