Origins Of The Cold War Essay
A) Plan of the investigation
Subject of the investigation:
To investigate historical controversy over the origins of the Cold War.
a.Research of bibliography about the origins of the
Cold Wax. Instrument: Internet. Three main sites
were particularly helpful: CNN the Cold War, Cold
War Policies, Cold War History Project. The main
criteria used for selection were: reliability of the
sources and the most recent.
b.Writing of an annotated bibliography about the
c.Selection and reading of a book about the origins of
the Cold War. Criteria: the most comprehensive and
d.Search, selection + of the authors which represent
the main currents of thought.
e.Analysis of their main postulates and arguments.
B) Summary of evidence
The origins of the Cold War is one of the most controversial historiographic issues. However, among the multiple interpretations and assessments about the topic it is clear or rather clear that some main currents of thought can be identified: the orthodox or traditional, the revisionist and the post-revisionist. The orthodox or traditional interpretation argued that the origins of the Cold War was due to the aggressive Soviet policy of expansion in the immediate post war years. Two of the proponents of this theory are: Thomas Bailey (1950) and Arthur Schlesinger (1967). Willaim Appleman Williams (1959) and Walter LaFeber (1997) are revisionist historians who support the thesis that the United States had been primarily to blame for the Cold War. The post-revisionist scholarship have searched for a balance and argue that the Cold War was caused by misperceptions of both the United States and the Soviet Union. Melvyn Leffler (1991) and John Lewis Gaddis (1997) are exponents of this
C) Evaluation of sources
Two of the sources selected for evaluation are Walter LaFeber's America, Russia, and the Cold War 1945-1996 and John Lewis Gaddis's We Know Now: Rethinking Cold War History. Both of them are secondary sources and make use of the latest research about the Cold War and, particularly, the new Soviet and Chinese materials which have only recently become available. Both have long been recognized, by the public and colleagues, as specialists in Cold War history and their work and information are used almost in all the works about the topic. Both are representatives of two main currents of thought about the Cold War. LaFeber is, and has been, one of the most articulated proponents of the revisionist approach, while Gaddis is accepted as one of the most, if not the most, distinguished historian of the post-revisionist perspective. Both LaFeber's and Gaddis's works are their...
Loading: Checking Spelling0%
What were the origins and the early manifestations of the Cold War?1314 words - 5 pages In 1945 as the Second World War was coming to a close there emerged a new and altogether different type of war. The Cold War, as it is known, was a war where the two superpowers of the time the United States (US) and the
A single factor as the one most responsible for the origins of the cold war.2408 words - 10 pages Pick a single factor as the one most responsible for the origins of the cold war. You can choose a person, an event, even an ideology or belief system, but provide a thorough and convincing explanation as to why you consider this factor to be the most significant. You may also, if you choose, argue that the cold war was inevitable, but again you must support this claim with the use of specific evidence.As
An Analysis of Gaddis' Book, The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941–1947711 words - 3 pages The Cold War was a clash over ideological difference and control over the sphere of influence. Although the Cold War is technically over; many scholars are still fascinated with the events that could have started WWIII, and its impact on U.S. foreign policy. Professor Gaddis thus wrote an impressive book which deals with the origins and revisionist theories which gave the reader and exceptional background knowledge on the topic. However, he...
Account for the origins and development of the Cold War between USA and USSR up to 1962.2680 words - 11 pages The origins of the Cold War lie in the differences between the systems of both the United States and the Soviet Union. It is an interplay between ideology and pragmatic power politics, and the creation of tension and mistrust which had been evident since the Russian Revolution. During World War II...
“Who was more to blame for the origins and development of the Cold War in Europe: Stalin or Truman?”1401 words - 6 pages Untitled "Who was more to blame for the origins and development of the
"As long as Stalin was running the Soviet Union a Cold war was unavoidable." (J.L Gaddis, We Now Know). Discuss this interpretation of the origins and character of the Cold War.2078 words - 8 pages The cold war, or as John Lewis Gaddis would call it the "Long Peace" is a point in history full of intrigue. The very fact that one historian chooses to call a 'war' a period of peace, whilst for many decades previous is had been referred to as an enigma of conflicts the world hadn't seen before, and probably will never see again. The biggest problem with identifying whether or not the cold war really was instigated or inevitable because of...
The Origins of the Second World War2510 words - 10 pages February 17th, 2010In 1955, Thomas Desmond Williams argued that there were too many historians studying the origins of the Second World War . Although Williams' point claims some merit,...
The Origins of the First World War2048 words - 8 pages The Origins of the First World War The study of diplomatic history has led to many different theories on the origins of the First World War. Each historian focuses on different aspects of the events preceding the war. In viewing them from a different time periods, many come to radically different conclusions. For example, the theory of German responsibility proposed directly after the war was soon revised with the...
The Origins of the Great War951 words - 4 pages The Origins of the Great War As the war of the worlds began to collide between 1914 and 1918, there were numerous causes as to why the "Great War" began. The war began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. Later on it transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. ...
Causes of the Cold War2163 words - 9 pages In this essay I would like to highlight my understanding for the causes of the cold war. In fact, "the cold war" called in that name because of the struggle which is followed the World War II between superpowers: US & USSR. Both of sides work hard to widen their potency and narrowed the conflict, but it found overlap in it, which raise the stress and the struggle. The struggle lengthened from the end of the of second world war, middle of 1940s to...
Cause of the Cold War843 words - 3 pages Soviet domination of the countries in Eastern Europe was the main cause of the Cold War. Stalin's aim, to take advantage of the military situation in post-war Europe to strengthen Russian influence, was perceived to be a threat to the Americans, thus erupting in a Cold War.World War II dramatically changed the United States from a bench-warmer to a player in world affairs. Since so much work had to be done in order to restore world...
Origin of the Cold War Essay
775 Words4 Pages
After the Second World War America and the Soviet Union gained power in Europe. Though these to countries never fought one another, they waged a cold war of economic, military and ideological rivalry which last through the second half of the twentieth century.
The origin of the Cold War began with the Russian Revolution in nineteen-seventeen, which created a Soviet Russia. The Soviet Russia did not have the same economic and ideological state as the United States. The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation…show more content…
The allies did liberated large parts of Western Europe and recreated democratic nations. This divide Europe into two blocks and each occupied by armies America and the Allies and in the east Russia. The United States wanted a democratic Europe and Russia wanting a communist Europe. The difference was added fear of the Soviet invasion in the West and Russians fear of the atomic bomb. There was also fear of economic collapse in the west versus fear of economic domination by the west. This lead to the clash of ideologies; capitalism versus communist. The Soviet feared a rearmed Germany hostile to Russia. Churchill described the dividing the lines between East and West Germany as an Iron Curtain.
With Europe firmly divided into communist and capitalist, Germany became the new battle ground. There was the Berlin Blockade this was aimed at bluffing the Allies into renegotiation the division of Germany in his favor. This act did work, the allies just called his bluff by flying over Russian airspace. Stalin did not retaliate and risk war. In nineteen-forty nine with the Berlin Blockade in full effect and the threat of conflict with Russia, the Western powers signed the NATO treaty creating a military alliance.
When Russia detonated its first atomic weapon, America advantage of having war was over because the fears over the consequences of nuclear conflict. Later West Germany was