Origin Of The Cold War Essays

Origins Of The Cold War Essay

A) Plan of the investigation

Subject of the investigation:

To investigate historical controversy over the origins of the Cold War.

Methods:

a.Research of bibliography about the origins of the

Cold Wax. Instrument: Internet. Three main sites

were particularly helpful: CNN the Cold War, Cold

War Policies, Cold War History Project. The main

criteria used for selection were: reliability of the

sources and the most recent.

b.Writing of an annotated bibliography about the

topic.

c.Selection and reading of a book about the origins of

the Cold War. Criteria: the most comprehensive and

recommended.

d.Search, selection + of the authors which represent

the main currents of thought.

e.Analysis of their main postulates and arguments.

B) Summary of evidence

The origins of the Cold War is one of the most controversial historiographic issues. However, among the multiple interpretations and assessments about the topic it is clear or rather clear that some main currents of thought can be identified: the orthodox or traditional, the revisionist and the post-revisionist. The orthodox or traditional interpretation argued that the origins of the Cold War was due to the aggressive Soviet policy of expansion in the immediate post war years. Two of the proponents of this theory are: Thomas Bailey (1950) and Arthur Schlesinger (1967). Willaim Appleman Williams (1959) and Walter LaFeber (1997) are revisionist historians who support the thesis that the United States had been primarily to blame for the Cold War. The post-revisionist scholarship have searched for a balance and argue that the Cold War was caused by misperceptions of both the United States and the Soviet Union. Melvyn Leffler (1991) and John Lewis Gaddis (1997) are exponents of this

view.

C) Evaluation of sources

Two of the sources selected for evaluation are Walter LaFeber's America, Russia, and the Cold War 1945-1996 and John Lewis Gaddis's We Know Now: Rethinking Cold War History. Both of them are secondary sources and make use of the latest research about the Cold War and, particularly, the new Soviet and Chinese materials which have only recently become available. Both have long been recognized, by the public and colleagues, as specialists in Cold War history and their work and information are used almost in all the works about the topic. Both are representatives of two main currents of thought about the Cold War. LaFeber is, and has been, one of the most articulated proponents of the revisionist approach, while Gaddis is accepted as one of the most, if not the most, distinguished historian of the post-revisionist perspective. Both LaFeber's and Gaddis's works are their...

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Origin of the Cold War Essay

775 Words4 Pages

After the Second World War America and the Soviet Union gained power in Europe. Though these to countries never fought one another, they waged a cold war of economic, military and ideological rivalry which last through the second half of the twentieth century.
The origin of the Cold War began with the Russian Revolution in nineteen-seventeen, which created a Soviet Russia. The Soviet Russia did not have the same economic and ideological state as the United States. The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation…show more content…

The allies did liberated large parts of Western Europe and recreated democratic nations. This divide Europe into two blocks and each occupied by armies America and the Allies and in the east Russia. The United States wanted a democratic Europe and Russia wanting a communist Europe. The difference was added fear of the Soviet invasion in the West and Russians fear of the atomic bomb. There was also fear of economic collapse in the west versus fear of economic domination by the west. This lead to the clash of ideologies; capitalism versus communist. The Soviet feared a rearmed Germany hostile to Russia. Churchill described the dividing the lines between East and West Germany as an Iron Curtain.
With Europe firmly divided into communist and capitalist, Germany became the new battle ground. There was the Berlin Blockade this was aimed at bluffing the Allies into renegotiation the division of Germany in his favor. This act did work, the allies just called his bluff by flying over Russian airspace. Stalin did not retaliate and risk war. In nineteen-forty nine with the Berlin Blockade in full effect and the threat of conflict with Russia, the Western powers signed the NATO treaty creating a military alliance.
When Russia detonated its first atomic weapon, America advantage of having war was over because the fears over the consequences of nuclear conflict. Later West Germany was

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